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Lymphatic mapping and lymphedema surgery in the breast cancer patient

	author = {Ketan M. Patel and Oscar Manrique and Michael Sosin and Mahjabeen Aftab Hashmi and Poysophon Poysophon and Robert Henderson},
	title = {Lymphatic mapping and lymphedema surgery in the breast cancer patient},
	journal = {Gland Surgery},
	volume = {4},
	number = {3},
	year = {2015},
	keywords = {},
	abstract = {Upper limb lymphedema can be an unfortunate sequela following the oncologic treatment of breast cancer. The surgical treatment of lymphedema has had a recent renewed clinical interest paralleling innovative descriptions of surgical techniques and imaging modalities. In addition, an improved understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology of lymphedema has allowed improved translation to the clinical condition. Various surgical options exist to decrease the symptom-burden of upper limb lymphedema, including vascularized lymph node (VLN) transfer, lymphovenous bypass (LVB), liposuction, lymphatic grafting, and excisional procedures. Modern imaging techniques help to improve the consistency and accuracy of these surgical treatment options. A multi-modal treatment plan utilizing non-operative and surgical therapies has the potential to improve various factors related to overall patient quality of life. This review details all of the current operative treatment strategies and modern imaging modalities used in the treatment of lymphedema.},
	url = {}