Cardiovascular risk and mortality in patients with active and treated hypercortisolism
Patients with hypercortisolism demonstrate high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, especially if diagnosis is delayed. Hypercortisolism-induced cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities include hypertension, impaired glucose metabolism, dyslipidemia, and obesity. High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors leads to increased rate of cardiovascular events and mortality. This risk is reduced, albeit not reversed even after successful treatment of hypercortisolism. In this review we will describe prevalence and mechanisms of cardiovascular comorbidities in patients with hypercortisolism. In addition, we will summarize the effect of therapy on cardiovascular risk factors, events, as well as mortality.