Long-term results measured by BREAST-Q reveal higher patient satisfaction after “autoimplant-mastopexy” than augmentation-mastopexy

Lisanne Grünherz, Anna Burger, Pietro Giovanoli, Nicole Lindenblatt


Background: The aim of a mastopexy is to raise the breast projection, tighten the skin envelope, and place the nipples in an optimal position in projection to the inframammary fold. This procedure is often combined with prosthetic implants or an autoimplant. Given the current increasing demand for the use of autologous tissue, we evaluated mastopexies combined with either an autoimplant or prosthetic implant in terms of patient satisfaction and long-term results.
Methods: We evaluated 34 patients who underwent a mastopexy with simultaneous breast prosthesis or an autoimplant. During follow-ups we obtained standardized breast measurements, BREAST-Q score, and pre- and postoperative photographs to perform photometric measurements.
Results: BREAST-Q score of patients that underwent autoimplant-mastopexies revealed a higher patient satisfaction with significant differences in satisfaction with breast appearance (69±18 vs. 55±16, P=0.03) and outcome (71±18 vs. 48±26, P=0.009). Regarding breast shape, photometric evaluations presented a significantly different breast shape with higher upper pole fullness in augmentation-mastopexy patients. No statistical significance between long-term results and complication rates could be observed in either patient groups.
Conclusions: The BREAST-Q score implies a higher overall long-term satisfaction in patients that received autoimplant-mastopexy with similar long-term results compared with augmentation-mastopexy. Nevertheless, individual decision-making is necessary and should be based on the degree of ptosis, existing breast volume, previous operations, and patients’ preferences regarding postoperative breast shape and projection.