Article Abstract

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy

Authors: Marco Raffaelli, Carmela De Crea, Rocco Bellantone

Abstract

In the last three decades, endoscopic adrenalectomy has become the gold standard for the surgical treatment of most adrenal diseases. Gagner et al., first reported in 1992, the lateral trans-abdominal laparoscopic approach to adrenalectomy. Afterwards, several retrospective and comparative studies addressed the advantages of minimally invasive adrenalectomy specifically consistent in less postoperative pain, improved patients’ satisfaction, shorter hospital stay and recovery time when compared to open adrenalectomy. The lateral transabdominal approach to the adrenals is currently one of the most widely used, since it allows an optimal comprehensive view of the adrenal region and surrounding structures, and provides and adequate working space. On the other hand, from a technical point of view, essential requirements for a successful laparoscopic adrenalectomy are an appropriate knowledge of retroperitoneal anatomy, a gentle tissue manipulation and a precise haemostasis technique in order to identify appropriately the structures of interest and avoid the troublesome ‘oozing’ that could complicate the surgical procedure.