Update in diagnostic imaging of the thymus and anterior mediastinal masses

Francesco Gentili, Veronica Pelini, Gabriele Lucii, Luca Luzzi, Francesco Giuseppe Mazzei, Alfonso Fausto, Luca Volterrani, Maria Antonietta Mazzei


Anterior mediastinal masses include a wide spectrum of malignant and benign pathologies with a large percentage represented by thymic lesions. Distinguishing these masses on diagnostic imaging is fundamental to guide the proper management for each patient. This review illustrates possibilities and limits of different imaging modalities to diagnose a lesion of the anterior mediastinum with particular attention to thymic disease.