Visualized pre- and subpectoral implant placement for immediate breast reconstruction

Diana L. Dyrberg, Camilla Bille, Gudjon L. Gunnarsson, Jens A. Sørensen, Jørn B. Thomsen


The use of mesh for immediate breast reconstruction was introduced almost two decades ago. Lately, the number of prepectoral direct to implant breast reconstructions has increased as this technique seems to leave an unimpaired muscle function and may lead to less or no breast animation deformity (BAD) and quicker recovery. However, challenges still remain as there is a risk of thin tissue coverage, visible implant edges and secondary ptosis. In this visualized surgery paper, we visualize the technical disparities between the sub- and prepectoral direct to implant breast reconstruction.