Application of the Lalonde (horizontal-only scar) breast reduction technique for correction of gynaecomastia in dark skinned patients
Surgical correction of gynaecomastia correction sometimes necessitates skin reduction in addition to resection of glandular tissue and liposuction of the fat deposits. Many skin reduction techniques have been described but all suffer from very noticeable and often poor scars that can manifest as hypertrophic or keloid scars in patients with dark skin. Three large gynaecomastia patients undergoing a modification of the Lalonde “no vertical scar” breast reduction technique designed to reduce the extent of scarring were reviewed. The Lalonde “no vertical scar” technique was successfully applied to three patients of African extraction with acceptable postoperative scarring. A description of the technique and the cosmetic results are presented. The Lalonde technique of female breast reduction can be applied to the treatment of male breast enlargement in patients at high risk of scar complications. It provides an alternative to the more widely used concentric skin reduction techniques. To our knowledge, this is the first report in literature of the application of the Lalonde “no vertical scar” surgical technique to the treatment of gynaecomastia in patients with darkly pigmented skin.