Article Abstract

Nipple sparing mastectomy and direct to implant breast reconstruction, validation of the safe procedure through the use of laser assisted indocyanine green fluorescent angiography

Authors: Roy de Vita, Ernesto Maria Buccheri

Abstract

Background: Nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM) is a psychologically effective and oncological safe procedure followed by immediate breast reconstruction.
Methods: Between January 2015 and September 2015 the authors conducted a retrospective review of 40 patients divided into two groups depending on breast volume and weight of mastectomy: group A, 20 patients with small breast; group B, 20 patients with medium breast for nipple sparing mastectomy and direct to implant (DTI) breast reconstruction using strict patient selection and a standardized surgical technique. The nipple areola complex/flap viability were analysed intraoperatively through the use of laser assisted indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescent angiography.
Results: A total of 44 procedures were followed-up for 24 months. Nineteen patients were assisted in DTI breast reconstruction by acellular dermal matrix (ADM) for inferior/lateral part of the implant coverage. Encouraging results are presented with a unique case of implant failure.
Conclusions: We report our retrospective experience corroborated by intraoperative laser assisted ICG fluorescent angiography to demonstrate the safety and reliability of the oncoplastic procedure proposed. We also advocate the central role of oncoplastic surgeon as “one man band” to manage breast cancer from the oncological procedure to the breast reconstruction.