Article Abstract

Predictive features associated with thyrotoxic storm and management

Authors: Alessandro Bacuzzi, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Luca Guzzetti, Alessandro Ivan De Martino, Paolo Severgnini, Salvatore Cuffari

Abstract

Thyroid storm (TS) is an endocrine emergency characterized by rapid deterioration, associated with high mortality rate therefore rapid diagnosis and emergent treatment is mandatory. In the past, thyroid surgery was the most common cause of TS, but recent preoperative medication creates a euthyroid state before performing surgery. An active approach during perioperative period could determine an effective clinical treatment of this life-threating diseases. Recently, the Japan Thyroid Association and Japan Endocrine Society developed diagnostic criteria for TS focusing on premature and prompt diagnosis avoiding inopportune e useless drugs. This review analyses predictive features associated with thyrotoxic storm highlighting recent literature to optimize the patient quality of care.

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