Preoperative information for thyroid surgery
The preoperative information necessary to communicate to the patient to obtain informed consent in thyroid surgery is not detailed in length in the current medical literature. Advances in technology and the advent of remote access approaches in thyroid surgery have increased the need for a detailed communication of risks, benefits and alternatives to achieve an informed consent. In this review article, we outline the indications for thyroid surgery, risks of thyroid surgery, different approaches to thyroidectomy, and possible consequences of using advanced technology using intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) as an example. A truly detailed informed consent in the modern age of thyroid surgery is crucial. This article not only details the risks, benefits and alternatives of thyroid surgery, but also incorporates new practices, guidelines and technologies to allow patients to achieve a comprehensive preoperative understanding of treatment recommendations.