Article Abstract

Can magnetic resonance imaging obviate the need for biopsy for microcalcifications?

Authors: Shinya Yamamoto, Takashi Chishima


Background: Although microcalcifications detected with mammography (MG) are usually biopsied, biopsies cannot be performed in all cases. We sought to determine if magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings could indicate whether stereotactic vacuum-assisted biopsy (SVAB) is necessary.
Methods: Patients with mammographically detected Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 3, 4, and 5 microcalcifications were analyzed from April 2012 to September 2014. All patients underwent MRI. All patients with enhancing lesions in the region of the microcalcifications underwent SVAB. Non-enhancing lesions were followed or biopsied, depending on the patient's preferences. MRI findings were classified as either malignant-suspicious or benign-suspicious (“none” or “nonspecific”), and we evaluated the positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of these classifications for predicting malignancy.
Results: A total of 87 patients underwent both MRI and SVAB. The NPV of MRI was 100% in the group with no enhancement. In BI-RADS category 3, there were 57 benign-suspicious lesions on MRI, of which eight were malignant (NPV of MRI: 85.0%).
Conclusions: It may be possible to omit SVAB for microcalcifications if there is no enhancement on MRI; however, any kind of enhancement indicates the need for biopsy in cases of BI-RADS 3 calcifications on MG.