Article Abstract

Sentinel lymph node biopsy under local anesthesia in patients with breast cancer

Authors: Prakasit Chirappapha, Visnu Lohsiriwat, Youwanush Kongdan, Panuwat Lertsithichai, Thongchai Sukarayothin, Chairat Supsamutchai, Nina Talakhadze, Stefano Zurrida


The concept of breast cancer treatment is changed from maximal tolerable treatment to minimal effective treatment. There has been a change from axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The current theory of breast cancer spreading to the axillary lymph nodes is established that if the metastatic cancer cell has spread to the axillary lymph node.